Civilized countries with escalating attention treat problems of preservation and use of cultural heritage, including archaeological. In the developed countries increase of welfare promoted development of mass tourism, formation of the whole tourist industry that economically stimulates attention to cultural heritage.
More ancient sources leaving to stone sculptures of Turkic time show such memorial monuments as kulyptasa. Usually it is the stone column having base in the form of the massive plate driven in the earth, the trunk decorated with a ploskorelyefny carving and skulpturno processed navershy.
The most disturbing that directly on cultural monuments or in close proximity with them on the project the route of the pipeline Karachaganak - Big Chagan - Atyrau which connected an oil-gas condensate field to Caspian Pipeline Consortium lay. Therefore in the emergency order measures for rescue of the heritage left to us the previous generations were taken.
Dead Kultuk - the young, just created landscape where occur modern formation of natural components with inherent them interrelations. On the northern coast of the Caspian Sea the hilly and saline plain is located and cause interest a relief of Bohr hillocks - the ancient seaside dunes buried by waters of sea transgressions. Hillocks alternate with the deep drainless hollows occupied with the typical sorovy saline soils bordered with sochnosolyannovy vegetation. The mountains of Aktau - protection of exotic forms of a relief and desert and steppe flora peculiar to this range and faunae. Interest causes preservation of cretaceous remains of aeration of shrubby ridges and karst caves.
The architect M. M. Mendikulov investigated many years monuments of semidesertic regions of the Western Kazakhstan and in essence opened for science and general public the unique reserve of traditional construction art of master stone-cutters of Prikaspiya. Gravestone monuments - sagana-tama, kerege-tama, kulyptasa, koytasa, ushtasa and a sagana are most widespread here.
Traces of culture remained in the Mangistausky area, it completely also is not studied till this moment. There are also ruins of ancient settlements, and the remains irrigating, ancient carefully laid out by a stone, wells and graves.
For those who came to bow to ashes of ancestors, the structure where there is all necessary is provided: bed, blanket, ware. Curiously everything around. The deep well where water, to an underground mosque at the bottom darkens is farther. If to go down to the room, it is possible to notice that some courses go in different directions. If to go on one of them, through some meters you will come to a surface, the second conducts in caves, and the third is in an emergency state, but once it conducted underground to the sea. Its extent some kilometers, in many places the course is now filled up and air does not arrive there.